Timeline

Combermere Abbey - Historic Time-Line

 

 1133               HUGH DE MALBANK Lord of Nantwich FOUNDS THE ABBEY

                        The Abbey is well-endowed at this time.  Originally SAVIGNAC then CISTERCIAN.  Dedicated to Virgin Mary and Saint Michael.

 

C.1250           FINANCIAL CRISIS

                        (Further crises follow.)

C.1450           LAVISH WEST RANGE BUILT AS ABBOT’S LODGINGS

 

1534               The GREAT ECCELESIASTICAL SURVEY. John Massy is Abbot of Combermere Abbey.

 

1536-39         DISSOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES – Confiscation and Secularisation of Abbey lands.

 

1539               July 27. John Massy surrenders the Abbey to the King.

Combermere Abbey granted to SIR GEORGE COTTON (Comptroller to Duke of Richmond – bastard son of King Henry VIII).

 

1563               HOUSE REMODELLED for RICHARD COTTON (son of Sir George).

The Abbey is largely demolished.

The west range forms the nucleus of a new half-timbered Manor House.

 

1690               6 June. KING WILLIAM III     stays at Combermere on his way to the BATTLE OF THE BOYNE.

 

1727               S & N BUCK make an ENGRAVING of the Abbey for SIR ROBERT SALUSBURY COTTON

 

1773               ROBERT STAPLETON COTTON born.

 

1774               DR SAMUEL JOHNSON visits and describes Combermere.

 

1775               SIR LYNCH COTTON dies and is succeeded by his son, SIR ROBERT SALUSBURY COTTON.

 

1791               STAPLETON COTTON, son of Sir ROBERT SALUSBURY COTTON, goes to Ireland to join the army as a Lieutenant.

 

1795-1797     HOUSE PARTLY REMODELLED for Sir ROBERT SALUSBURY COTTON

 

1797            BRANKELOW FOLLY (including Model dairy) is built by JOHN WEBB (1754-1828) on the opposite side of the Mere.

 

1799               Eldest son of Sir ROBERT SALUSBURY COTTON dies. SIR ROBERT STAPLETON COTTON becomes heir to the baronetcy.

 

1801-1807     SIR ROBERT STAPLETON COTTON moves between military postings – from Brighton to Ireland to Dorchester.

 

1808-1810     PENINSULAR WAR in which General SIR ROBERT STAPLETON COTTON serves with distinction under Wellington.

 

1814               17 May. SIR ROBERT STAPLETON COTTON is made a Baron.

                        18 June. SIR ROBERT STAPLETON COTTON marries his 2nd wife, Caroline. They honeymoon in Combermere before being posted to Paris.

 

1814-1821     GOTHICISATION of Combermere Abbey

Rendered GOTHIC FACADES.

BATTLEMENTS replace the gables.

The entrance is relocated, from west to east. Combermere is remodelled overall externally and partly internally in pointed Gothick.

Alterations are also made to the park.

WILLIAM TURNER is Surveyor.

JOHN WEBB is landscape architect.

 

1817-1820     Lord Combermere is posted to Barbados.

 

1820               December. DUKES of WELLINGTON and NEWCASTLE attend the christening of Lord Combermere’s 2ND son. Both Dukes are to be Godfathers to Wellington Henry.

DINING ROOM (recently demolished) added to north-east corner for Wellington’s visit and ARMOURY (demolished 1952) added to east front.

 

1821               Lord Combermere’s eldest son, Robert, by his first wife, dies. He travels in Europe and returns to the army.

 

1825               Lord Combermere leaves for  BHURTPORE, INDIA.

Baron Robert made Viscount Combermere of Bhurtpore.

 

1829               LORD COMBERMERE (formerly Sir Robert Cotton)

commissions 2 REMODELLING SCHEMES:

by MORRISONS of Ireland and by EDWARD BLORE,

neither of which was carried out.

 

1829               MORRISONS’ stone Lodge entrance to the park is built.

 

1837               EDWARD BLORE’s design for the stable block is built.

 

1830               January. LORD COMBERMERE leaves India for England and returns to his estate in Combermere.

 

1838               Lord Combermere marries Miss Gibbings. They honeymoon in Combermere which becomes their base.

 

1852               Lord Combermere holds the post vacated by Wellington on his death of Office of Constable of the Tower.

 

1855               Viscount Combermere promoted to Field Marshall.

 

1865               Viscount Combermere dies 2nd Viscount inherits.

 

1891               3rd VISCOUNT inherits (and dissipates what remains of the family fortune).

 

1893               Estate put up for sale, but fails to sell.

 

1898-1917     Estate let to the DUCHESS OF WESTMINSTER.

 

1919               4th VISCOUNT (Francis) sells up to pay debts.

 

1919               SIR KENNETH CROSSLEY purchases the estate.

 

1939-1945     During WORLD WAR II the Abbey is used as a CONVALESCENT HOME, then a SCHOOL.

 

1952               10 June. Combernere Abbey is added to the STATUTORY LIST of buildings of special interest at Grade I, group value

 

1957               SIR KENNETH CROSSLEY dies.

The estate passes to his grand daughter PENELOPE CALLANDER (later LADY LINDSAY).

 

                        LADY LINDSAY commissions a scheme by RAYMOND ERITH and QUINLAIN TERRY (unbuilt).

 

1975              A H BROTHERTON & PARTNERS scheme put in hand.

SOUTH WING lowered by a storey to two storey wing.

WELLINGTON DINING ROOM demolished.

 

1992               Estate passes from Lady Lindsay to her daughter SARAH CALLANDER,    now CALLANDER BECKETT.